History 435.01 Special Topics
The Ancient Family: Studies in Personal Relationships in Greece and Rome
St. Mary’s College of Maryland
Spring 2006 Dr. Linda Jones Hall MWF 10:40-11:50 Kent Hall 312
Office: 204 Kent Hall Phone: 240-895-4434 or ext. 4434
Office hours: M 2:40-3:30; W 9:30-10:20 and by appointment
Course description This course will analyze and compare the structure of the family in antiquity, with particular emphasis on Greece and Rome in the classical and late antique periods. Some evidence will also be drawn from the family systems in the Ancient Near East as well. Concerns such as marriage payments, marriage contracts, systems of rearing children which involved slaves as safe-keepers, divorce, ideas about health and reproduction, concepts such as the "power of the father," and the role of the family council will be considered. Readings will be drawn from such primary sources as literary and historical narratives, legal texts, personally-sponsored funerary inscriptions, and commemorative representations. Secondary readings will focus on the current historiography in this field. This course should appeal not only to students of history and women' studies, but also to persons preparing for careers in education, law, and other service professions.
SOURCES = Mary R. Lefkowitz, Maureen B. Fant, eds. Women’s Life in Greece and Rome: A Source Book in Translation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 3rd ed., 2005. ISBN 0801883105.
POMEROY = Sarah B. Pomeroy. Goddesses, Whores, Wives, and Slaves: Women in Classical Antiquity Schocken Books, reprint ed., 1995. ISBN: 080521030X.
GOLDEN = Mark Golden. Children and Childhood in Classical Athens. Reprint ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993. ISBN 0801846005.
DIXON = Suzanne Dixon. The Roman Family. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8018-4200-x.
GRUBBS = Grubbs, Judith Evans. Women and the law in the Roman Empire : a sourcebook on marriage, divorce and widowhood. London; New York: Routledge, 2002.
TURABIAN = Kate Turabian. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. Revised by John Grossman and Alice Bennett. 6th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996. ISBN 022816273
Regular attendance is expected. Read the assignments in advance and bring those texts to class as indicated on the syllabus. Intellectual honor, excellence, and honesty are demanded in all your work.
WEEKLY ORAL PRESENTATIONS (10) =150points
ANNOTATED BIBILOGRAPHY (10 items required) = 100 points
PRESENTATION OF PAPER TOPIC = 60 points
ATTENDANCE AND DISCUSSION = 90 points
FIRST TEST = 150 points
FINAL EXAM = 150 points
FINAL PAPER = 300 points
Ultimately, the student’s grade is based on the professor’s assessment of the student’s work.
94-100 = A, 93-90 = A-, 87-89 = B+, 84-86 = B, 80-83 = B-, 77-79 = C+, 74-76 = C,
70-73 = C-, 67-69 = D+, 64-66 = D, 63-60 = D-, below 60 = F
TYPES OF ASSIGNMENTS
Students will make weekly presentations on assigned topics. These topics will include but not be restricted to discussions of assigned readings, both primary sources and secondary analyses. A schedule will be established for these presentations.
Students will turn in an annotated bibliography of ten items. Each item should consist of the correct bibliographical citation for the book or journal article (which could be from a print or electronic format) and a paragraph which evaluates the main points the author is making. These items must be modern works IN ADDITION TO the four modern texts for the course, and they may be developed from the oral presentations (see above).
PRESENTATION OF THE PAPER TOPIC
Students will make a fifteen-minute presentation to the class of the main points of their paper topic. This presentation will include giving each member of the class a handout which should list the proposed title, the student’s name, an outline of five points (either phrase or sentence outline), and five bibliographical entries the student plans to use in his/her final paper. The fifteen minute presentation includes time for class interaction and questions.
TEST AND EXAM
There will be a mid-term test and a final exam. These will be designed to assess the student’s comprehension of assigned readings from both the ancient and modern authors. Since the paper topics will be individualized, these tests will focus in a more general way on the student’s understanding of major issues and arguments of the common readings for the course.
This paper should be 10-15 pages in length, including bibliography and notes. YOU MUST USE 5 PRIMARY SOURCE QUOTATIONS!!!. Refer to Turabian for proper format for all aspects of writing.
Academic dishonesty is a very serious offense.
Definition of Plagiarism from To The Point and the College Catalog:
Plagiarism is the act of appropriating and using the words, ideas, symbols, images, or other works of original expression of others as one's own without giving credit to the person who created the work. If students have any questions regarding the definition of plagiarism, they should consult their instructor for general principles regarding the use of others' work. Among sources commonly used for documenting use of others' work are the style manuals published by the American Psychological Association, the Council of Biology Editors, the Modern Language Association, and Turabian's Manual for Writers of Term Papers. The final authority concerning methods of documentation is the course instructor. Specific instances of plagiarism include, but are not limited to, the following:
a) Word-for-word copying of sentences or paragraphs from one or more sources that are the work or data of other persons (including books, articles, theses, unpublished works, working papers, seminar and conference papers, lecture notes or tapes, graphs, images, charts, data, electronically based materials, etc.), without clearly identifying their origin by appropriate referencing.
b) Closely paraphrasing ideas or information (in whatever form) without appropriate acknowledgement by reference to the original work or works.
c) Presenting material obtained from the Internet as if it were the student's own work.
d) Minor alterations such as adding, subtracting, or rearranging words, or paraphrasing sections of a source without appropriate acknowledgement of the original work or works.
Falsification involves misrepresentation in an academic exercise.
Misrepresentation includes, but is not limited to:
a) Falsely attributing data or judgments to scholarly sources.
b) Falsely reporting the results of calculations or the output of computer programs, or materials from other electronic sources.
c) Presenting copied, falsified, or improperly obtained data as if it were the result of laboratory work, field trips, or other investigatory work.
4. Resubmission of work
No student may turn in work for evaluation in more than one course without the permission of the instructors of both courses.
Penalties for plagiarism can include, but are not limited to, a zero on the work in question, an F in the course, and referral to the Office of the Provost. ALL sources which you use (books, articles, internet) must be cited properly.
STANDARD REFERENCE WORKS:
See the Oxford Classical Dictionary (1 vol., 3rd ed.) [OCD] and the Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium (3 vols.) [ODB] for articles that indicate current trends in historiography and refer you to important bibliography. These reference works are available in the Reference section of the SMCM library. At the front of these volumes is a key list of abbreviations of journals and other works that you will need for preparing the annotated bibliography and research paper.
Journals at SMCM (on the second floor of the library near the stairs at the rear of that floor) include Archaeology, American Journal of Archaeology, American Journal of Philology, Arethusa, Classical Journal, Classical Quarterly, Classical Review, Greek Roman and Byzantine Studies, and others. Current issues are on the display racks. Back issues are bound and are on the shelf by the call number which you can find either from the current issue or from the catalog.
Also the library “subscribes” to online journals and search engines, many of which print ariticles: PROJECT MUSE http://muse.jhu.edu/
TOCS-IN is an excellent search tool for recent bibliography of journal articles (some will print) http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/cgi-bin/amphoras/tocfind
ILL request forms for getting books and articles from SMCM Interlibrary Loan http://www.smcm.edu/library/ILL.cfm
Paul Hassall’s website; Greece, Rome or Women
Women’s Life in Greece and Rome online version http://www.stoa.org/diotima/anthology/wlgr/
PERSEUS, huge archive of ancient texts & art http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/
Feminae Romanae http://dominae.fws1.com/
Images of women in ancient art http://www.arthistory.sbc.edu/imageswomen/
Bibliography on Women in the Ancient Near East
Bibliography on Women in Classical Mythology
Bibliography on Women in Greek Drama
Bibliography on Women in the Early Church
Bibliography on Women from the 2nd to 7th Centuries AD
Bibliography on Women in Byzantium ( a little past our period but useful)
Schedule for HIST 435.01
“The Ancient Family: Studies in Personal Relationships in Greece and Rome”
St. Mary’s College of Maryland
Spring 2006 Dr. Linda Jones Hall MWF 10:40-11:50 Kent Hall 312
Week 1 Introduction to the course
Wed. Jan 18 Understanding, defining, and researching the Ancient Family
Fri. Jan 20 Archaic and mythic perspectives - POMEROY I and II, pp. 1-31
Week 2 Greece--Women I
Mon. Jan 23 The Dark Age and the Archaic Period POMEROY III, pp. 32-56
Wed. Jan 25 Women and the City of Athens POMEROY IV, pp. 57-78
Fri. Jan 27 Women’s voices, men’s opinions SOURCES I-II, pp. 1-37, 367-371
Week 3 Greece--Women II
Mon Jan. 30 Private Life POMEROY V, pp.79-92; SOURCES VII, pp. 163-207, 377-379
Wed Feb 1 Images of Women in Literature of Athens POMEROY VI, pp.93-119 Fri. Feb 3 Greek religion and legend SOURCES VI, pp. 129-131, 158, 161-162, 375-377 (Greek); X, pp. 273-288, 294-296, 306 (Greek), 387-389
Week 4 Greece- Children
Mon. Feb 6 Philosophers on the role of women, SOURCES, III, pp. 38-50;
Medical Ideas, SOURCES IX, pp. 225-255, 383-386 (Greek)
Wed. Feb 8 Characteristics of Childhood and Children ; The Child in the Household and the Community GOLDEN I-II, pp.1-50
Fri. Feb 10 The Child and His or Her Peers GOLDEN III, pp.51-79
Week 5 Greece-- Family
Mon Feb 13 The Parents and Children GOLDEN IV, pp.80-114
Wed Feb 15 Brothers, Sisters, and Grandparents GOLDEN V, pp.115-140
Fri. Feb 17 Legal Status in the Greek World SOURCES IV, pp. 55-93, 371-374
Week 6 Greece-- Marriage Mon Feb 20 Alliances GOLDEN VI-VII, pp.141-180
Wed Feb 22 Hellenistic Women and Families POMEROY VII, pp. 120-148
Fri. Feb 24 Occupations SOURCES VIII, pp. 208-210, 215-222, 380-383;
IXb, pp. 264-272, 383-387
Mon Feb. 27 FIRST TEST over material covered to date
Wed Mar 1 Roman Women I The Matron, Republic and Empire POMEROY VIII, pp. 149-189
Fri. Mar 3 Public Life SOURCES VI, pp. 131-161, 375-376 (Roman)
Week 8 Roman Women II
Mon. Mar 6 Women of the Roman Lower Classes POMEROY IX, pp. 190-204;
SOURCES VIII, pp. 210-224 (Roman); Philosophical views III, pp. 50-54;
Medical Ideas, SOURCES IX, pp. 255-272, 383-387 (Roman); Juvenal’s Satire on Women http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/juvenal-satvi..html
Wed Mar 8 Legal Status in the Roman World SOURCES V, pp. 94-128, 374-375
Fri. Mar 10 Women in the the Religion of Rome POMEROY X, pp. 205-230;
Roman religion SOURCES X, pp. 288-293, 296-306, 387-389 (Roman)
Spring break - March 11-19
Week 9 The Roman Family
Mon. Mar 20 In Search of the Roman Family DIXON I, pp. 1-35; The law GRUBBS, pp. 1-15
Wed Mar 22 Roman Family Relations and the Law DIXON II, pp. 36-60
Fri. Mar 24 Status of Women in Roman Law GRUBBS I, pp. 16-80
Week 10 Roman Marriage
Mon Mar 27 Marriage DIXON III, pp. 61-97
Wed Mar 29 Marriage in Roman Law and Society GRUBBS II, pp. 81-135
Fri. Mar. 31 Prohibited and non-legal unions GRUBBS III, pp. 136-186
Week 11 Roman Divorce; Roman Children; Christian Changes
Mon Apr 3 Divorce GRUBBS IV, pp. 187-218
Wed Apr 5 Children in the Roman Family DIXON IV, pp. 98-132
Fri. Apr 7 Christian Ideals SOURCES X, pp.307-334, 390-392
Week 12 Roman Life Cycle
Mon Apr 10; The Family through the Life Cycle DIXON V, pp. 133-163
Wed Apr 12 Widows and their children GRUBBS V, pp. 219-271
Fri. Apr 14 ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHIES ARE DUE;
ORAL PRESENTATIONS begin
Mon. Apr 17 ORAL PRESENTATIONS
Wed Apr 19 ORAL PRESENTATIONS
Fri Apr 21 ORAL PRESENTATIONS
Mon Apr 24 ORAL PRESENTATIONS
Wed Apr 26 FINAL PAPERS DUE
Fri. Apr 28 Review for final exam; last day of class
Week 15 Week 15 Mon-Tues May 1-2 SMP presentations; Wed May 3 Reading Day
Exam Thursday May 4, 7:00-9:15; Emphasis on material since midterm exam
SOME BIBLIOGRAPHY on Women in Antiquity
Archer, Léonie J. Her Price is Beyond Rubies: The Jewish Woman in Greco-Roman Palestine.
Archer, Léonie J., Susan Fischler, and Maria Wyke. Women in Ancient Societies: “An illusion of the night.” New York: Routledge, 1994.
Arjava, Antti. "Divorce in Later Roman Law." Arctos 22 (1988): 5-21.
Arjava, Antti. (1996). Women and Law in Late Antiquity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. paperback 1998.
Arthur, Marylin B. "From Medusa to Cleopatra: Women in the Ancient World." In Becoming Visible: Women in European History, eds. Renate Bridenthal, Claudia Koonz, and Susan Stuard, 78-105. 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1987.
Biale, Rachel. Women and Jewish Law: An Exploration of Women's Issues in Halakhic Sources. New York: Schocken Books, 1984.
Bowersock, G.W. "The Babatha Papyri, Masada and Rome." JRA 4 (1991): 336-44.
Bradley, Keith R. Discovering the Roman Family. Studies in Roman Social History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Brock, S.P., and S.A. Harvey. Holy Women of the Syrian Orient. Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: 1987.
Brown, Peter. The Body and Society: Men, Women, and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity (Columbia University Press, 1990). ISBN 0231061013
Cameron, Averil. "Virginity as Metaphor: women and the rhetoric of early Christianity." In History as Text: The Writing of Ancient History, edited by Averil Cameron. London: Duckworth, 1986.
Campbell, Brian. "The Marriage of Soldiers under the Empire." Journal of Roman Studies 68 (1978): 153-166.
Clark, Elizabeth, A. "Ascetic Renunciation and Feminine Advancement: A Paradox of Late Ancient Christianity." In Ascetic Piety and Women's Faith: Essays on Late Ancient Christianity, 175-208. Studies in Women and Religion. Vol. 20. Lewiston and Queenston: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1986.
Clark, Gillian. Women in Late Antiquity: Pagan and Christian Life-Styles (Oxford University Press, reprint ed., 1994) paperback, $16.95 ISBN 0198721668
Clark, Gillian. Women in the Ancient World. Greece and Rome: New Surveys in the Classics 21. Oxford: 1989.
Cohen, David. "Seclusion, Separation, and the Status of Women in Classical Athens." Greece and Rome 36 (1989), 3-15.
Crook, John. Law and Life of Rome. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1967.
Dixon, Suzanne. "Family Finances: Terentia and Tullia." In The Family in Ancient Rome: New Perspectives, ed. Beryl Rawson, 93-120. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1986. Abridged version of article in Antichthon 18 (1984), 78-101.
Dixon, Suzanne. "Polybius on Roman Women and Property." American Journal of Philology 106 (1985): 147-170.
Dixon, Suzanne. The Roman Family. Johns Hopkins University Press (new).
Dixon, Suzanne. The Roman Mother. 1988.
Drijvers, Jan Willem. "Virginity and Ascetism in Late Roman Western Elites." In Sexual Asymmetry: Studies in Ancient Society, eds. Josine Bloch and Peter Mason, 241-74. Amsterdam: J.C. Gieben, Publisher, 1987
Fantham, Elaine. "Sex, Status, and Survival in Hellenistic Athens: A Study of Women in New Comedy." Phoenix 29 (1975): 44-74.
Fantham, Elaine, Helene Peet Foley, Natalie Boymel Kampen, Sarah B. Pomeroy, and H. Alan Shapiro. Women in the Classical World: Image and Text. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Flory, Marleen Boudreau. "Where Women Precede Men: Factors Influencing the Order of Names in Roman Epitaphs." Classical Journal 79 (February-March 1984): 216-224.
Forbis, Elizabeth P. "Women's Public Image in Italian Honorary Inscriptions." American Journal of Philology 111 (1990): 493-512.
Foxall, Lin. "Household, Gender and Property in Classical Athens." Classical Quarterly n.s. 39 (1989): 22-44.
Gardner, Jane F. Women and Roman Law and Society. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986.
Goodman, M. "Babatha's Story." JRS 81 (1991): 169-75.
Gratwick, A.S. "Free or Not So Free? Wives and Daughters in the Late Roman Republic." In E.M. Craik, ed., Marriage and Property, 30-53. Edinburgh: 1984.
Hallett, Judith P. Fathers and Daughters in Roman Society: Women and the Elite Family. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.
Harvey, Susan Ashbrook. "Women in Early Syrian Christianity." In Images of Women in Antiquity, eds. Averil Cameron and Amelie Kuhrt, 81-91. London and Canberra: Croom Helm, 1983; rev. ed., Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1993.
Herrin, Judith. "In Search of Byzantine Women: Three Avenues of Approach." In Images of Women in Antiquity, eds. Averil Cameron and Amelie Kuhrt, 167-90. London and Canberra: Croom Helm, 1983; rev. ed., Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1993.
Holum, Kenneth G. Theodosian Empresses: Women and Imperial Dominion in Late Antiquity. Berkeley: 1982.
Hopkins, M. Keith. "The Age of Roman Girls at Marriage." Population Studies 18 (1965): 309-27.
Hughes, Diane Owen. "From Brideprice to Dowry." Journal of Family History 3 (Fall 1978): 262-296.
Just, R. Women in Athenian Law and Life. 1988.
Katzoff, Ranon. "Donatio ante nuptias and Jewish Dowry Additions." Yale Classical Studies, ed. Naphtali Lewis, 28 (1985): 231-244.
Keuls, Eva C. The Reign of the Phallus: Sexual Politics in Ancient Athens. New York: Harper & Row, 1985.
Lacey, W. K. The Family in Classical Greece. Aspects of Greek and Roman Life, gen. ed. H.H. Scullard. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1968; 1984 (?).
Lacey, W. K. Patria Potestas." In The Family in Ancient Rome: New Perspectives, ed. Beryl Rawson, 121-144. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1986.
Lefkowitz, Mary R., and Maureen B. Fant, eds., Women’s Life in Greece and Rome: A Source Book in Translation (Johns Hopkins Press, 2nd ed., 1992) paperback, $14.95. ISBN 0801844754
Lewis, Sian, Athenian Woman: an Iconographic Handbook. London; New York: Routledge, 2002. ISBN 041523235 x.
Loraux, Nicole. Children of Athena: Athenian Ideals About Citizenship and the Division Between the Sexes. Trans. By C. Levine. Princeton: PUP, 1994. 0-691-03762-0, $16.95
Carolyn Osiek and David Balch. Families in the New Testament World: Households and House Churches. Westminster John Knox, 1997.
MacMullen, Ramsay. "Women in Public in the Roman Empire." Historia 29 (1980): 208-218.
McDonnell, Myles. "Divorce Initiated by Women in Rome: The Evidence of Plautus." American Journal of Ancient History 8 (1983): 54-80.
McNamara, Jo Ann. "Matres Patriae/ Matres Ecclesiae: Women of the Roman Empire." In Becoming Visible: Women in European History, eds. R. Bridenthal, C. Koonz, and S. Stuard, 107-129. 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1987.
Pantel, Pauline Schmitt, ed. A History of Women: From Ancient Goddesses to Christian Saints. Arthur Goldhammer, translater. Cambridge, Mass., and London: Belknap Press, Harvard University Press, 1992.
Patterson, Cynthia B. "Marriage and the Married Woman in Athenian Law." In Women's History and Ancient History, ed. Sarah B. Pomeroy, 48-72. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.
Pomeroy, Sarah B. "The Study of Women in Antiquity: Past, Present, and Future." AJP 112 (1991): 263-68.
Pomeroy, Sarah B. Goddesses, Whores, Wives, and Slaves: Women in Classical Antiquity (Schocken Books, reprint ed., 1995) paperback, $16.00. ISBN: 080521030X
Pomeroy, Sarah B. “Women in Roman Egypt.” In ANRW II.10.1 (1988): 708-23.
Raditsa, Leo Ferrero. “Augustus' Legislation Concerning Marriage, Procreation, Love Affairs and Adultery.’’ Aufstieg und Niedergang der Romischen Welt II.13 (1980), 278-339.
Rawson, Beryl. "The Roman Family." In The Family in Ancient Rome: New Perspectives, ed. Beryl Rawson, 1-57. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1986. [ISBN# 0-8014-9160-5?]
Rawson, Beryl. Marriage, Divorce and Children in Ancient Rome. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991.
Rheubottom, D.B. "Dowry and Wedding Celebrations in Yugoslav Macedonia." In The Meaning of Marriage Payments, ed. J.L. Comaroff, 221-249. London and New York: Academic Press (Subsidiary of Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich), 1980.
Saller, R.P. "Roman Dowry and the Devolution of Property in the Principate." Classical Quarterly 34 (1984): 195-205.
Saller, R.P. " Familia, domus and the Roman Conception of the Family." Phoenix (1984): 336-55.
Saller, R.P. "Men's Age at Marriage and Its Consequences in the Roman Family." Classical Philology (1987): 21-34.
Schaps, David M. Economic Rights of Women in Ancient Greece. Edinburgh: 1979.
Shaw, Brent D. "The Age of Roman Girls at Marriage: Some Reconsiderations." Journal of Roman Studies 77 (1987): 30-46.
Shaw, Brent D. "The Family in Late Antiquity: The Experience of Augustine." Past and Present (1987): 3-51.
Shaw, Brent D. "The Concept of Family in Later Roman Empire: familia and domus." (forthcoming).
Talbot, Alice-Mary, ed., Holy Women of Byzantium: Ten Saints’ Lives in English Translation (Dumbarton Oaks Center Studies, 1996) paperback, $18.50. ISBN 0884022412
Treggiari, Susan. "Divorce Roman Style: How Easy and How Frequent Was It?" In Marriage, Divorce, and Children in Ancient Rome, ed. Beryl Rawson, 31-46. New York, Oxford University Press, 1991.
Treggiari, Susan. Roman Marriage: Iusti Coniuges from the Time of Cicero to the Time of Ulpian. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991.
Walker, Susan. "Women and Housing in Classical Greece: The Archeological Evidence." In Images of Women in Antiquity, eds. Averil Cameron and Amelie Kuhrt. London and Canberra: Croom Helm, 1983; rev. ed., Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1993.
Williams, Gordon. "Some Aspects of Roman Marriage Ceremonies and Ideals." Journal of Roman Studies 48 (1958): 16-29.
Yadin, Y. "Expedition D--The Cave of the Letters." Israel Exploration Journal 12, 3-4 (1962): 227-62, with plates. Reprinted in Judaean Desert Caves: Survey and Excavations, 1961, Vol. II. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1962 (?).
Ilias Arnaoutoglou. Ancient Greek Laws: A Sourcebook. Routledge, 1998.
Rachel Biale. Women and Jewish Law: An Exploration of Women's Issues in Halakhic Sources. New York: Schocken Books, 1984.
Sue Blundell. Women in Ancient Greece. Harvard University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-674-95473-4.
Keith R.Bradley. Discovering the Roman Family. Studies in Roman Social History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Christopher Carey. Trials from Classical Athens. London: Routledge. 1996.
E. Champlin. Final Judgments: Duty and Emotion in Roman Wills, 200 BC-AD 250. Berkeley: 1991.
D. Cohen. Law, Sexuality, and Society. Cambridge: 1991.
John Crook. Law and Life of Rome. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1967. Reprint ed. 1984.
Suzanne Dixon. The Roman Family. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.
Suzanne Dixon. The Roman Mother. London: 1988.
Jane F. Gardner and T. Wiedemann. The Roman Household: A Sourcebook. Routledge, 1991. Pbk. ISBN 0415044227.
Judith Evans Grubbs. Law and Family in Late Antiquity: The Emperor Constantine’s Marriage Legislation. London: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Judith P. Hallett. Fathers and Daughters in Roman Society: Women and the Elite Family. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.
Angeliki Laiou, ed. Consent and Coercion to Sex in Ancient and Medieval Societies. Washington: 1993.
Douglas M. MacDowell. The Law in Classical Athens. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1978.
Thomas A. McGinn. Prostituion, Sexuality, and the Law in Ancient Rome. 1998.
Cynthia Patterson. The Family in Greek History. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998. ISBN: 0674292707
Beryl Rawson, ed. Marriage, Divorce and Children in Ancient Rome. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Martha Roth ed. Law Collections from Mesopotamia and Asia Minor. Writings from the Ancient World series, no. 6. 2nd ed. Scholars Press. 1997. Pbk. ISBN 0788503782.
David M. Schaps. Economic Rights of Women in Ancient Greece. Edinburgh: 1979.
R. Sealey. Women and Law in Classical Greece. Princeton: 1990.
Susan Treggiari. Roman Marriage: Iusti Coniuges from the Time of Cicero to the Time of Ulpian. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991.
Ancient Law Bibliography with emphasis on family relations
Ancient Near East
Biale, Rachel. Women and Jewish Law: An Exploration of Women's Issues in Halakhic Sources. New York: Schocken Books, 1984.
Bottero, Jean, Zainab Bahrani, Marc Van de Mieroop. Mesopotamia: Writing, Reasoning, and the Gods. University of Chicago Press. 1992. Reprint ed. 1995. Pbk. ISBN 0226067270.
Gagos, Traianos, and Peter van Minnen. (1994). Settling a Dispute: Toward a Legal Anthropology of Late Antique Egypt. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994.
Halpen, Baruch, ed. (1993). Law, Politics, and Society in the Ancient Mediterranean World. 1993
Roth, Martha, ed. (1997). Law Collections from Mesopotamia and Asia Minor. Writings from the Ancient World series, no. 6. 2nd ed. Scholars Press. 1997. Pbk. ISBN 0788503782.
Roux, Georges. Ancient Iraq. 2nd ed. Reprint ed. Penguin Books. Pbk. ISBN 0140208283
Arnaoutoglou, Ilias. (1998). Ancient Greek Laws: A Sourcebook. Routledge, 1998.
Boegehold, A.L., and A.C. Scafuro, eds. (1994). Athenian Identity and Civic Ideology. Princeton: 1994.
Burkert, W. (1985). Greek Religion, Archaic and Classical. Oxford: 1985.
Carey, C. “Rape and adultery in Athenian Law.” Classical Quarterly 45 (1995): 407-417.
Carey, Christopher. (1996). Trials from Classical Athens. London: Routledge. 1996. Pbk. ISBN 0415107601
Cohen, D. (1991). Law, Sexuality, and Society. Cambridge: 1991.
Cohen, D. (1995). Law, Violence, and Community in Classical Athens. Cambridge: 1995.
Foxhall, L., and A.D.E. Lewis, eds. (1996). Greek law in its Political Setting:Justifications, not Justice. Oxford: 1996.
Gagarin, M. (1985). “The Function of Witnesses at Gortyn.” Symposion 1985: 29-54
Gagarin, M. (1986). Early Greek Law.
Harrison, A.R.W. (1968-1971). The Law of Athens.
MacDowell, Douglas M. (1978). The Law in Classical Athens. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1978.
MacDowell, Douglas M. (1986). Spartan Law. Edinburgh: 1986.
Millett, P.C. (1991). Lending and Borrowing in Classical Athens. Cambridge. 1991.
Morris, I. (1990). “ The Gortyn Code and Greek Kinship.” Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 31 (1990): 233-254.
Parke, H. W. (1977). The Festivals of the Athenians.London: 1977.
Schaps, David M. (1979). Economic Rights of Women in Ancient Greece. Edinburgh: 1979.
Sealey, R. (1990). Women and Law in Classical Greece. Princeton: 1990.
Todd, S. C. (1993). The Shape of Athenian Law. Oxford: 1993.
Cicero, Murder Trials. Translated with an Introduction by Michael Grant (London: Penguin, 1975). Paperback ISBN 014044288X.
Apuleius, The Golden Ass. Translated with an Introduction and Notes by P. G. Walsh. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994). Paperback ISBN 0192824929.
Ammianus Marcellinus, The Later Roman Empire (A.D. 354-378). Edited and translated by Walter Hamilton. Introduced by Andrew Wallace-Hadrill. (New York: Penguin, 1986). Paperback ISBN 0140444068.
Justinian, The Digest of Roman Law: Delict (New York: Penguin). Paperback
Pharr, Clyde. The Theodosian Code and Novels and the Sirmondian Constitutions: A Translation with Commentary, Glossary, and Bibliography. In collaboration with Theresa Sherrer Davidson and Mary Brown Pharr. With an introduction by C. Dickerman Brown. Princeton University Press, 1952; reprint, New York: Greenwood Press, 1969. ISBN 0837124948.
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